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Psyllium is obtained from plantage ovate or Psyllium plant. Psyllium plant grows in the region which has good exposure to sunlight, and the soils are well drained and sandy. This is an annual crop cultivated largely in Gujarat and in some parts of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
The Botanical name of Psyllium husk is Plantago Ovata, and it is better known as Isabgol in India.
Psyllium is mucilage having a combination of xylose, aucubin, galacturonic, arabinose, semi drying fatty oils.
Psyllium husk derived from bent layers are extracted from dried ripe seeds of plantago ovata frosk.
The Psyllium husks are thoroughly cleaned and sorted from anti farm fibers, mud, iron particles, dust, particles, stones and other waste products. They are then graded, taking their scientific values into account. Psyllium husks and powders are sorted with the help of these grades.
Psyllium consists of 80% water soluble fiber. Psyllium mucilage has a viscosity which is undeterred with 68 degrees F to 122 degrees F, by pH ranging from 2 to 10 and by sodium chloride up to 0.15 m.
Psylliums are used as horse feeds as they prevent the accumulation of sand or stones in animals without any side effects.
Psylliums are also used in pharmaceutical industries while manufacturing tablets as it acts as a thickening agent.
They are also used in food processing industries like in ice creams, rice, jams, cakes, biscuits, breads and instant noodles.